*The Holocaust*

By- Chase Thompson
This wikipage covers the following topics on The Holocaust: Holocaust, Adolf HItler, Concentration and Death Camps, Survivors, and Statistics.
‚Äčhttp://www.sunderlandclc.org.uk/UserFiles/File/Holocaust.jpg
"Nazi Soliders Attending their Duties"
"Nazi Soliders Attending their Duties"
Holocaust
"Holocaust" means to "sacrifice by fire." The word Holocaust originated from Greek. The Holocaust all began in Germany arround 1933. The group that was in power at this time were called Nazis. They believed that Germans were "racially superior." This made the Jews "inferior," to them. The Jews were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust

Adolf Hitler

http://www.electricscotland.com/thomson/images/20.19%20AdolfHitler.jpg
"Adolf Hitler"
"Adolf Hitler"

Adolf Hitler was born in the town of Braunau near the German border. He was born on April 20th, 1889 in an Austrian town. Both of Adolf's parents had come from poor families.
Klara, Adolf's mother had five children. Out of Adolf's five sibilings, only Adolf and a younger sister, Paula, survived to become adults. Adolf's father was Alois. He was fifty-one when Adolf was born. He wanted his son to do well in life. Alois did have another son by an earlier marriage, but that son had been a big disappointment to him and eventually ended up in prison. Alois was a strict father and often beat his son, if he did not do as he was told. Hitler did great in primary school. It appeared he had a bright academic future in front of him. He was also popular with other pupils. Adolf was admired for his leadership qualities. He was also a deeply religious child. For a while Adolf considered the possibility of becoming a monk.

Competition was much tougher in the larger secondary school. Adolf's solution to not being the top of his class was to stop trying. His father was furious because he had high hopes for Hitler to follow his example and join the Austrian civil service. However, Hitler was a stubbohn child and the attempts made by his parents and teachers to change his attitude towards his studies were unsuccessful. Hitler also lost his popularity with his fellow people. They were no longer considered him as one of their leaders. Since Hitler liked giving orders he spent more time with younger people, so he could boss them arround.

He enjoyed games that involved fighting and he loved re-enacting battles from all kinds of wars. His favourite game was playing the role rescuing Boers from English concentration camps. Leopold Potsch was his history master. Potsch was one of Hitler's early historical heroes. Hitler was also very intrested in art.

When his father died in 1903, Hitler talked his mother into letting him drop out of school when he was 18. He presude to become an artist, aganist his fathers wishes. He entered the Acadeny of Fine Arts. His dreams were shot down when his mother died 4 days before Christmas. Because of his extreme closeness with his mother, he became nonfunctional after her death. He was devastated. He supported himself by painting on the streats. He applied to The Acadamy of Fine Arts two more times, and was declined because he was unable to draw humans. He decided the reason why he was shot down was because there were Jewish people on the school board. Because of this thought he began to read anti Jew newspapers and clips. This was the first time Hitler thought of a pure German master race.

After all of this depression he enlisted in the army. In his army service he was the happiest he had ever been. The killing that he was engaged in because he was in the army was the first time he could vent from all the bad things that had happened to him. This led to the first murderist rage. He felt he had experineced his first real sucess when he was awarded the iron cross first class. He had survived fifty battles.

When Germany signed a contract. Hitler was in rage. He vowed to get back at whoever had betrayed Germany, his homeland. In his veiw this was the communist and Jews. He thought of the German people as children that needed to be controlled by a strict father. He thought it was his duty to fufill this role. On January 3, 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany. He began a dictatorship that refelceted his life and beliefs. He made a police state. He used a force of very strict police to enfore his will. This led to what is called "The Holocaust." Who would have thought that the actions and thoughts of one man could create so much destruction.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler





http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIsDf-_CgwM


Hitler's Concentration Camps and Death Camps
The word "concentration camp" is a noun. It means... "a guarded compound for the detention or imprisonment of aliens, members of ethnic minorities, political opponents, etc., esp. any of the camps established by the Nazis prior to and during World War II for the confinement and persecution of prisoners." The first concentration camps that were in Germany, were established soon after Hiter took control. German police under Hitlers control established all over Germany.

Conditions of these camps were horrible and full of very high death rates. Modern day people have a hypothesis that these camps were also used as examination camps: however, there is no proof to support this hypothesis. The death rates became so high because of bad treatment and diseases. Because of the high death rates, disposal of corpses became a very serious problem. Cremation was introuduced to help control the dead bodies. Dachau, was one of the largest camps in Germany at this time. There were also gas chambers constructed at Dachau. There were lots of other execution devices at Dachau and many other camps. For example... the gallows, and prisoners were executed and disposed of there.

There is a clear distinction between the death camps, or killing centers, and the concentration camps. In some ways, all of the hundreds of concentration camps, were death camps. This is because thousands of inmates died of starvation, being worked to death, exposure to the elements, epidemics and disease, or simply being executed for alleged crimes. Many of the camps were established under the "Protective Custody" law of February 28, 1933. This authorized the police to make arrests of suspicion criminal activity and held without benefit of legal counsel or trial. The first camp was created at Dachau. Camps just like these were constructed between 1934 and 1941, as the need for them rapidly increased. The first inmates of these camps were Communists, democrats, socialists, political criminals, homosexuals and, mostly Jews.

Some camps were specifically for killing. Gas chambers were used for the killings, and crematoriums for disposing of the remains. Several methods were used to carry out Hitlers(Nazi) plans and wishes. In some of these death camps exhaust fumes from truck engines, or tank engines, were pumped into sealed gassing vans, sealed railroad cars, or specially constructed gas chambers. At Stutthof, lethal injections were sometimes used to kill sick prisoners. Also they had shootings, hangings and fatal beatings.

http://frank.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holocamp.html
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005263
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/concentration+camps

"Jewish men in one of Hitler's concentration camps"
"Jewish men in one of Hitler's concentration camps"

*To view more images of Hitler's concentration camps, visit the site below...
http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&source=hp&q=hitler's+concentration+camps&um=1&ie=UTF-8&ei=n_sWS7nJEoyXtgfL97jvBA&sa=X&oi=image_result_group&ct=title&resnum=1&ved
=0CBAQsAQwAA

Holocaust Survivors
Even though there were so many Jews that died during this horrible time, many lived through all the hardships. Some of these people are willing to share their life stories. There are about 3,500,000 survivors from the Holocaust. Here are some names of these brave people and links to their stories....
Bronia Beker
Ernest and Elisabeth Cassutto's
Sally Eisner
Joseph Heinrich
Agnnes Vadas
Bram Pais'
Erika Van Hesteren
Sophie Yaari
*For more information and survivors visit the following link
http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/PEOPLE/survivor.htm

A video from youtube of Yaakov Hollander's Story...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PHPd67kYp0&feature=player_embedded

A video from youtube descirbing a Survivor Testimony by Eva Brown...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hrmN0TwKPx0&feature=player_embedded

Statistics of The Holocaust

The following graph shows the statistics of the death rates of the Jewish population during The Holocaust.
Country
Initial Jewish Population
Estimated % Killed
Estimated Killed
Number of Survivors
POLAND
3,300,000
91%
3,000,000
300,000
USSR
3,020,000
36%
1,100,000
1,920,000
HUNGARY
800,000
74%
596,000
204,000
GERMANY
566,000
36%
200,000
366,000
FRANCE
350,000
22%
77,320
272,680
ROMANIA
342,000
84%
287,000
55,000
AUSTRIA
185,000
35%
65,000
120,000
LITHUANIA
168,000
85%
143,000
25,000
NETHERLANDS
140,000
71%
100,000
40,000
BOHEMIA
MORAVIA

118,310
60%
71,150
47,160
LATVIA
95,000
84%
80,000
15,000
SLOVAKIA
88,950
80%
71,000
17,950
YUGOSLAVIA
78,000
81%
63,300
14,700
GREECE
77,380
87%
67,000
10,380
BELGIUM
65,700
45%
28,900
36,800
ITALY
44,500
17%
7,680
36,820
BULGARIA
50,000
0%

50,000
DENMARK
7,800
.8%
60
7,740
ESTONIA
4,500
44%
2,000
2,500
LUXEMBOURG
3,500
55%
1,950
1,550
FINLAND
2,000
.03%
7
1,993
NORWAY
1,700
45%
762
938
TOTAL
9,508,340
63%
5,962,129
3,546,211
As you can see the Jewish population was efected by The Holocaust. This graph shows that the total population of the Jewish people was around 9.5 millon. The precent of deaths is around 63%, estimated deaths arround 5.9 millon. Also, there were about 3.5 millon survivors. http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/h-statistics.htm

Work Cited
"Adolf Hitler." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler. December 6, 2009.
"Adolf Hitler Biography." Youtube Broadcast yourself. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIsDf-_CgwM. December 4, 2009.
"Concentration Camp." Dictionary.com an Ask.com service. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/concentration+camps. December 10, 2009.
"CONCENTRATION CAMPS, 1933-1939." Holocaust Enccyclopedia. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005263. December 8, 2009.
"Holocaust Survivor Eva Brown Tells Her Story." Youtube Broadcast yourself. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hrmN0TwKPx0&feature=player_embedded. December 5, 2009.
"Statistics of The Holocaust." The History Place. http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/h-statistics.htm. December 11, 2009.
"Surviving the Holocaust: Yaakov Hollander's story." Youtube Broadcast yourself. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PHPd67kYp0&feature=player_embedded. December 8, 2009.
"Survivors." A Teacher's Guide to The Holocaust. http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/PEOPLE/survivor.htm. December 3, 2009.
"The Camps." http://frank.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holocamp.html. December 2, 2009.
"The Holocaust." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust. December 12, 2009.

THE END!!!