Greek Gods

Greek Gods
By: Will Blackwood


My page is about ancient Greek gods. There were thousands of gods said to be responsible for things, but there were twelve main gods who lived on Mt. Olympus, that everyone worshiped. They were Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, Ares, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Hermes, Artemis, and Hephaestus. Of these twelve gods I have picked five to talk about in depth.


1. Zeus
2. Poseidon
3. Hermes
4. Hephaestus
5. Apollo




1. Zeus

Zeus was one of six children in his family, but when he was born there were no brothers or sisters there to welcome him into the world. This is because his father, Cronus had eaten them as soon as they were born. Zeus’s mother wouldn’t let this happen again so she wrapped a stone in his clothes and gave it to his father. When he grew up he came back to his father and demanded that he throw his siblings back up. When he did Zeus and his siblings lead a revolt against his father, they over threw him and divided his kingdom among themselves. Zeus got the heavens, Poseidon got the sea and Hades got the underworld. I don’t know what happened to the other three. Although he was the ruler of the heavens his acts were far from it. He committed many counts of adultery and on some occasions raped women. He was the ruler of the gods and king on Mt. Olympus. Zeus was so revered that the first Olympic Games were held in his honor. He had over 150 games and festivals dedicated to him. His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. These are all his children there are about 100!!

Consorts and children

By divine mothers

Mother
Children
Aix
Aegipan[29]
Ananke*
  1. Moirae (Fates)*
    1. Atropos
    2. Clotho
    3. Lachesis
Demeter
  1. Persephone
  2. Zagreus
Dione
  1. Aphrodite
Thalassa
Aphrodite
Gaia
  1. Orion
  2. Manes father of Atys
Hera
  1. Ares
  2. Eileithyia
  3. Eris
  4. Hebe
Eos
  1. Ersa
  2. Carae
Eris
  1. Limos (aka Limus)
Leto
  1. Apollo
  2. Artemis
Maia
  1. Hermes
Metis
  1. Athena
Mnemosyne
  1. Muses (Original three)
    1. Aoide
    2. Melete
    3. Mneme
  2. Muses (Later nine)
    1. Calliope
    2. Clio
    3. Erato
    4. Euterpe
    5. Melpomene
    6. Polyhymnia
    7. Terpsichore
    8. Thalia
    9. Urania
Persephone
  1. Zagreus
  2. Melinoe
Selene
  1. Ersa
  2. Nemean Lion
  3. Pandia
Themis
  1. Astraea
  2. Nemesis
  3. Horae
    1. First Generation
      1. Auxo
      2. Carpo
      3. Thallo
    2. Second Generation
      1. Dike
      2. Eirene
      3. Eunomia
    3. Third generation
      1. Pherusa
      2. Euporie
      3. Orthosie
  4. Moirae (Fates)*
    1. Atropos
    2. Clotho
    3. Lachesis
||

Mortal/nymph/other mother


Mother
Children
Aegina
Aeacus
Alcmene
Heracles (Hercules)
Antiope
  1. Amphion
  2. Zethus
Callisto
Arcas
Carme
Britomartis
Danaë
Perseus
Elara
  1. Tityas
Electra
  1. Dardanus
  2. Iasion
Europa
  1. Minos
  2. Rhadamanthys
  3. Sarpedon
Eurynome
Charites(Graces)
  1. Aglaea
  2. Euphrosyne
  3. Thalia
Himalia
  1. Kronios
  2. Spartaios
  3. Kytos
Iodame
Thebe
Io
  1. Epaphus
  2. Keroessa
Lamia

Laodamia
Sarpedon
Leda
  1. Polydeuces (Pollux)
  2. Castor
  3. Helen of Sparta (of Troy)
Maera
Locrus
Niobe
  1. Argus
  2. Pelasgus
Olympias
Alexander III of Macedon
Othreis
Meliteus
Plouto
Tantalus
Podarge
  1. Balius
  2. Xanthus
Pyrrha
Hellen
Semele
Dionysus
Taygete
Lacedaemon
Thalia
Palici
Unknown mother
Litae
Unknown mother
Tyche
Unknown mother
Ate
||
*The Greeks variously claimed that the Fates were the daughters of Zeus and the Titaness Themis or of primordial beings like Nyx, Chaos or Anake.
† He is described as being "Earth-born" and was gestated buried beneath the ground; this is Gaia's domain, though she had no direct involvement in his birth or development. Other versions of his parentage include a version of the former excluding Poseidon and one with solely Poseidon and
Euryale as his parents.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeus , http://www.pantheon.org/articles/z/zeus.html .


external image zeus.jpg


2. Poseidon

If you read my earlier paragraph about Zeus you will know that Poseidon is his brother and is one of six children. Poseidon is the god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses. Poseidon, like his brother he raped women and had many affairs and a whole lot of children. (Here is the like to his family tree http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poseidon#Consorts.2Fchildren) One of his sons you may be familiar with is Pegasus, the flying horse. He ruled from his palace under the water and was known to have a very bad temper. What Poseidon is probably most famous is for his battle with the goddess of war Athena for Athens. The war had been going on for about a year and the Athenians called an end to it. They told the gods to each offer on gift to them, Poseidon gave them a spring but the water was salty and no good. Athena offered an olive tree. The Athenians chose Athena as their goddess and this made Poseidon angry so he flooded the Attic plane to punish them for not choosing him. Poseidon’s symbols are the trident, fish, dolphin, and the horse. http://www.pantheon.org/articles/p/poseidon.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poseidon , http://www.theoi.com/Olympios/Poseidon.html

external image Poseidon.jpg


3. Hermes

Hermes is one of Zeus’s many sons. He is known as the messenger of the gods and the guide to the underworld. He is extremely fast and a cunning thief. Aside from occasionally pick pocketing his travelers he helped them have a safe journey to wherever they were going. The night he was first born he invented the lyre. ( http://library.thinkquest.org/04apr/00275/ancient_ins.htm ) That same night he stole his older brothers (Apollo) cattle. He took them back to Greece and hid them. When Apollo discovered his cattle were gone of course his first thought was his little day old brother. Hermes mother said that he couldn’t have done it because he was with her last night. But then Zeus who had seen everything from his throne in the sky said Hermes did take them and ordered him to return them. During this Hermes began to play his lyre, which intrigued Apollo. So Apollo made a deal with him Hermes could keep the cattle if he could have the lyre. As said earlier Hermes loves to run and is always looking for a fellow athlete with an injury so he can heal them. Overall Hermes is one of the goofiest and fun loving gods there ever was. His symbols are the famous winged sandals, the pouch, the rooster, and the tortoise.? http://www.men-myths-minds.com/Hermes-greek-god.html , http://www.greek-gods-and-goddesses.com/greek-god-hermes.html

external image hermes.jpg

4. Hephaestus

Of all the gods I have talked about so far you probably have never herd of this one. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus but his mother gave birth to him without any male fertilization. When he was born his mother thought he was ugly so she threw him into the rocky ocean. This crippled him so he is known as the lame god. He is also the go of fire which is why his lair is under a volcano. In addition to all that he is an expert blacksmith/metal worker. He made Zeus’s thunderbolt, Athena’s shield, and countless other things for various gods. Since he was crippled and considered ugly he didn’t have much luck in the ladies department. That is until he kidnapped his mother for rejecting him. The gods on Mt. Olympus begged him to bring her back. When he did they allowed him to marry Aphrodite. Whose is considered to be the most beautiful goddess in all the land. But you knew the poor fellow was going to lose her sooner or later. So when he suspected her of cheating on him he built a net that none could escape from. One day he caught her and captured her, he took her and her lover to Mt. Olympus and showed them to the gods. The gods did nothing and let her go free, and the sent Hephaestus back to his volcanic lair. Sorry but there’s no happy ending to this story but he did still make battle amour and gear for people. His symbols are the hammer, anvil, and the tongs. http://www.pantheon.org/articles/h/hephaestus.html , http://www.mythweb.com/gods/Hephaestus.html , http://gogreece.about.com/cs/mythology/a/mythhephaestus.htm

external image hephaestus.jpg




5. Apollo

I saved the best for last, so here is my favorite god Apollo. Apollo is the of Zeus. He is the god of music, archery, sun and my favorite medicine. He was a handsome young man but like his father he fell in love with many women and had many children. He was also an oracle which means he could foresee future events. He was very athletic; he liked to run and was a master at the bow and arrow. He was much loved among the gods for his ability to play beautiful music on his lyre. Apollo was an overachiever from the day he was born; when he was 4 days old he killed a monstrous python that had been harassing his mother. This monster turned out to be the oracle of Delphi. Apollo is the most complete of all the gods. He’s is forgiving but strict. Smart and gifted but athletic. His symbols are the lyre and the snake.


external image ApolloBelvedere.jpg


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeus , http://www.pantheon.org/articles/z/zeus.html , http://www.pantheon.org/articles/p/poseidon.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poseidon , http://www.theoi.com/Olympios/Poseidon.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poseidon#Consorts.2Fchildren), ( http://library.thinkquest.org/04apr/00275/ancient_ins.htm ) , http://www.men-myths-minds.com/Hermes-greek-god.html , http://www.greek-gods-and-goddesses.com/greek-god-hermes.html ,
http://www.pantheon.org/articles/h/hephaestus.html , http://www.mythweb.com/gods/Hephaestus.html , http://gogreece.about.com/cs/mythology/a/mythhephaestus.htm , http://gogreece.about.com/cs/mythology/a/mythapollo.htm , http://www.in2greece.com/english/historymyth/mythology/names/apollo.htm , http://www.greek-mythology-gods.com/apollo.html , http://www.loggia.com/myth/apollo.html
http://gogreece.about.com/cs/mythology/a/mythapollo.htm , http://www.in2greece.com/english/historymyth/mythology/names/apollo.htm , http://www.greek-mythology-gods.com/apollo.html , http://www.loggia.com/myth/apollo.html

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